Archive : 2014-04
Coffee plants are grown for a year in a nursery area like this before being transplanted next to the mature trees. It will take 4 years for these plants to start producing coffee fruits.
Coffee trees over 100 years old exist and produce fruit, but a commercial coffee plantation typically replaces 15 year old plants with new plants, and keeps the average age of the coffee plants at around 8 to 10 years old. It’s a constant cycle of planting and cutting down.
Here is a picture of coffee plant that I am presently trying to keep alive (it is not a happy coffee plant).
Coffee beans, are not “beans” they are seeds — the pit from the coffee fruit. You can plant unroasted coffee beans, and they will sprout. The germination rate is low, something like 5%, so you have to plant several of them, and coffee can’t realistically grow in the climate of the United States. If you wanted to harvest and process your own coffee, you would have to keep your plant indoors and give it a lot of warmth and a lot of sunlight all year round.
But still, it is fun to remember that coffee is produce. It is a fruit. Hence, it is rich with antioxidants and bioflavanoids and continually linked to health benefits.